Relates to protections and rights afforded to delivery network company (DNC) workers; requires DNCs to create internal procedures for workers to challenge deactivations; provides certain notice and other rights to workers to challenge deactivation both internally in a DNC and externally; allows the Department of Labor to investigate unwarranted deactivation of workers; makes related provisions.
NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A8070
SPONSOR: Rosenthal L
TITLE OF BILL:
An act to amend the labor law, in relation to protections and rights
afforded to delivery network company workers
This legislation will provide protections for app-based food delivery
workers against unwarranted account deactivation.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section one amends the labor law by adding a new article 21-B.
Section two establishes the effective date.
Food delivery services have expanded greatly in recent years, allowing
people to easily place food delivery orders on mobile apps and websites.
The expansion of these apps has benefited restaurants, gig economy work-
ers and customers; however, the ability for these workers to remain on
the platform is dependent on the rating and feedback provided by custom-
ers. While each platform has its own specific policies, generally, a
delivery worker is at risk of having their account deactivated when
their rating drops below a certain threshold, including for ratings and
complaints levied against a worker for a slow or delayed delivery. In
many cases, workers are provided no warning of a forthcoming deacti-
vation or any opportunity to appeal.
These practices by app companies have led to a highly competitive and
speed-driven environment on the streets as delivery drivers compete to
receive more orders and earn better tips. The 2022 Bicycle Crash Data
Report released by the New York City Department of Transportation showed
an increase in the number of injuries and deaths involving e-bikes and
e-scooters, a mode of transportation relied upon by many delivery work-
ers, over previous years. Requiring delivery apps to follow a standard
process for account deactivation, including an opportunity for workers
to appeal the decision, will remove some of the uncertainty in their
This legislation would protect delivery drivers by requiring all food
delivery services to adhere to a deactivation policy that prohibits
account deactivation based on rejection or cancellation of an order,
customer ratings or other factors without first conducting a fair and
objective investigation, with exceptions for certain egregious miscon-
duct. The legislation would also require all delivery drivers to receive
advance notice of an impending deactivation and an opportunity to appeal
the deactivation. Lastly, the legislation provides the state Department
of Labor with the authority to enforce the law and provides workers with
protections against retaliation for exercising rights afforded in the
None to the State.
STATE OF NEW YORK
2023-2024 Regular Sessions
September 27, 2023
Introduced by M. of A. L. ROSENTHAL -- read once and referred to the
Committee on Labor
AN ACT to amend the labor law, in relation to protections and rights
afforded to delivery network company workers
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. The labor law is amended by adding a new article 21-B to
2 read as follows:
3 ARTICLE 21-B
4 DELIVERY NETWORK COMPANIES
5 Section 790. Definitions.
6 790-a. Deactivation requirements.
7 790-b. Right to challenge deactivation.
8 790-c. Notice of deactivation.
9 790-d. Access to records substantiating deactivation.
10 790-e. Affirmative production of records.
11 790-f. Notice of rights.
12 790-g. Network company records.
13 790-h. Retaliation prohibited.
14 790-i. Rulemaking authority.
15 790-j. Enforcement power and duties.
16 790-k. Violation.
17 790-l. Investigation.
18 § 790. Definitions. For the purposes of this article, the following
19 terms shall have the following meanings:
20 1. "Adverse action" means reducing compensation; garnishing tips or
21 gratuities; temporarily or permanently denying or limiting access to
22 work, incentives, or bonuses; offering less desirable work; terminating;
23 deactivating; threatening; penalizing; retaliating; engaging in unfair
24 immigration-related practices; filing a false report with a government
25 agency; or discriminating against any person for any reason.
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 8070 2
1 2. "Deactivate" or "deactivation" means the blocking of a DNC worker's
2 access to a DNC's digital network, prohibiting a DNC worker from accept-
3 ing any future DNC orders for such DNC, or other material restriction of
4 a DNC worker's access to such DNC's digital network. The term "deacti-
5 vation" shall not include a temporary suspension lasting less than
6 forty-eight hours.
7 3. "Deactivation policy" means a DNC's policy for measures to be taken
8 prior to implementing the deactivation of a DNC worker adopted pursuant
9 to subdivision one of section seven hundred ninety-a of this article.
10 4. "Deactivation challenge procedure" means a procedure under which a
11 DNC worker may challenge their deactivation under section seven hundred
12 ninety-b of this article.
13 5. (a) "Delivery network company" or "DNC" means a person, corpo-
14 ration, partnership, sole proprietorship, or other entity that is oper-
15 ating in New York state exclusively using a digital network to connect
16 DNC customers with DNC workers who provide delivery for orders of
17 products made via a digital network.
18 (b) "Delivery network company" shall not include:
19 (i) a transportation network company, as defined by section sixteen
20 hundred ninety-one of the vehicle and traffic law; or
21 (ii) a restaurant, or restaurant chain, that enables customers to
22 place orders for food using a digital network that was created specif-
23 ically for use by customers of such restaurant or restaurant chain.
24 6. "Delivery network company customer" or "DNC customer" means an
25 individual or other entity who uses a delivery network company's digital
26 network to request a DNC order.
27 7. "Delivery network company order" or "DNC order" means the pickup
28 and delivery of products by a DNC worker to a DNC customer through the
29 use of a DNC's digital network:
30 (a) beginning when a DNC worker accepts a DNC customer's request for
31 such pickup and delivery of such products through such digital network;
32 (b) continuing while the DNC worker transports such products; and
33 (c) ending when the DNC worker delivers such products to such DNC
34 customer, or to such DNC customer's requested delivery location.
35 8. "Delivery network company worker" or "DNC worker" means an individ-
36 ual who has entered into an agreement with a DNC to pickup and deliver
37 DNC orders for compensation.
38 9. "Digital network" means any system or service offered or utilized
39 by a delivery network company that enables DNC orders to be delivered by
40 DNC workers, including but not limited to a smartphone application or
41 online website.
42 10. "Discrimination" means any of the unlawful discriminatory prac-
43 tices described in section two hundred ninety-six of the executive law.
44 11. "Egregious misconduct" means an action or behavior by a DNC worker
45 that: (a) endangers the physical safety of a DNC customer, a third
46 party, a DNC, or an animal; (b) intentionally causes economic harm to a
47 DNC customer, a third party, or a DNC; (c) is threatening, harassing, or
48 abusive to a DNC customer, a third party, or a DNC; or (e) constitutes a
49 misdemeanor or felony under the laws of this state.
50 12. "Products" shall include, but not be limited to, prepared foods,
51 packaged foods, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, and other goods.
52 13. "Unwarranted deactivation" shall mean a deactivation in violation
53 of section seven hundred ninety-a of this article.
54 § 790-a. Deactivation requirements. 1. A delivery network company
55 shall adopt a policy for measures to be taken prior to implementing the
56 deactivation of a DNC worker. Such policy shall be reasonably related to
A. 8070 3
1 such DNC's safe and efficient operations. Policies including any of the
2 following shall not be in compliance with this subdivision:
3 (a) Any rule or policy that would result in a deactivation based on a
4 DNC worker's availability to work or number of hours worked;
5 (b) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based on a DNC
6 worker's acceptance or rejection of any individual DNC order, or any
7 number or proportion of DNC orders;
8 (c) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based on a DNC
9 worker's cancellation of a DNC order with reasonable cause, as shall be
10 defined by such DNC;
11 (d) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based on a DNC
12 worker contacting such DNC;
13 (e) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based solely on a
14 quantitative metric derived from aggregate customer ratings of a DNC
15 worker's performance;
16 (f) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based on statements
17 by a DNC worker regarding compensation and/or working conditions made to
18 customers, other DNC workers, other DNCs, the media, public officials,
19 and/or the public; or
20 (g) Any policy that would result in a deactivation based on a DNC
21 worker asserting their legal rights.
22 2. A delivery network company shall provide each DNC worker a copy of
23 its deactivation policy before allowing such DNC worker to accept any
24 DNC orders for such DNC. Such deactivation policy shall be written in
25 plain language in the language selected by the DNC worker as such DNC
26 worker's primary language. Such deactivation policy shall be made avail-
27 able to any former DNC worker of a DNC for no less than three years
28 after deactivation of such DNC worker.
29 3. A delivery network company shall conduct a fair and objective
30 investigation, as determined by the commissioner, prior to the deacti-
31 vation of any DNC worker. Such investigation shall be sufficiently thor-
32 ough to justify such deactivation and demonstrate an unbiased and
33 neutral view of facts collected. If such DNC worker refuses to partic-
34 ipate in such investigation or provide relevant information, such DNC
35 may complete such investigation based on available sources of informa-
36 tion. Such DNC shall demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that
37 such DNC worker violated such DNC's deactivation policy prior to deacti-
38 vation of such DNC worker. A DNC shall apply its deactivation policy in
39 a consistent manner.
40 4. Deactivation of a DNC worker by a DNC shall be in violation of this
41 article if such deactivation is intended to or results in discrimi-
43 5. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a delivery network
44 company shall be authorized to immediately deactivate a DNC worker if
45 such deactivation is required to comply with any applicable court order
46 or local, state, or federal law or regulation, or where such DNC worker
47 has engaged in egregious misconduct. In the case of egregious misconduct
48 by a DNC worker, a DNC may deactivate such DNC worker before conducting
49 the investigation required pursuant to subdivision three of this
50 section. In such a case, such investigation shall not take longer than
51 fourteen days. If such investigation is delayed due to extraordinary
52 circumstances, such DNC shall provide such DNC worker with written
53 notice that such investigation is delayed, the reason for such delay,
54 and the date on which the completion of such investigation is antic-
A. 8070 4
1 § 790-b. Right to challenge deactivation. 1. A delivery network compa-
2 ny shall not subject a DNC worker to an unwarranted deactivation.
3 2. A DNC worker shall have the right to challenge their deactivation
4 through an internal deactivation challenge procedure.
5 3. A DNC shall create an internal deactivation challenge procedure
6 that shall be available to DNC workers immediately upon their deacti-
7 vation, and up to ninety days after such deactivation.
8 4. A DNC's deactivation challenge procedure shall be available to its
9 DNC workers in writing, in a format that is readily accessible, and in
10 English and any language that such DNC knows or has reason to know is
11 the primary language of such DNC worker. Such deactivation challenge
12 procedure shall be available to DNC workers and former DNC workers for
13 up to three years after their deactivation. The commissioner may
14 prescribe the form and content of a DNCs deactivation challenge proce-
16 5. A DNC shall review and respond to a DNC worker's challenge to deac-
17 tivation within fourteen days of receiving such challenge. Such response
18 shall include a written statement that shall include at least one of the
20 (a) Evidentiary substantiation of such deactivation pursuant to
21 section seven hundred ninety-d of this article, and substantive
22 responses to questions or claims made by such DNC worker in such chal-
24 (b) Any extraordinary circumstances necessitating a delayed timeline
25 for response, and an anticipated date for a response either substantiat-
26 ing such deactivation or reinstating such DNC worker; or
27 (c) A determination that such DNC worker did not violate the DNC's
28 deactivation policy and therefore shall be reinstated.
29 6. In addition to pursuing an internal challenge to deactivation under
30 this section, a DNC worker shall have a right to file a complaint with
31 the department or bring a civil action for violation of the requirements
32 of this article upon receiving the DNC's initial response to an internal
33 challenge, or fourteen days after initiating such challenge, whichever
34 comes first. A DNC worker may pursue all avenues of relief available
35 within three years of the alleged violation, or as tolled pursuant to
36 section seven hundred ninety-l of this article.
37 § 790-c. Notice of deactivation. 1. Except as provided under subdivi-
38 sion three of this section, a delivery network company shall provide a
39 DNC worker with a notice of deactivation no later than fourteen days
40 prior to such deactivation, as well as on the date of such deactivation.
41 Such notice of deactivation shall include a written statement of the
43 (a) The reasons for such deactivation;
44 (b) The effective date of such deactivation;
45 (c) Any and all records relied upon to substantiate such deactivation
46 pursuant to section seven hundred ninety-d of this article;
47 (d) The length of such deactivation;
48 (e) A description of the steps such DNC worker can take to remedy such
50 (f) A notice of such DNC worker's right to challenge such deactivation
51 under section seven hundred ninety-b of this article; and
52 (g) Any other information required by the commissioner.
53 2. A DNC shall provide notices of deactivation in a form and manner
54 that shall be designated by the department.
A. 8070 5
1 3. For deactivations involving egregious misconduct, a DNC shall
2 provide the DNC worker with a notice of deactivation no later than the
3 effective date of such deactivation.
4 § 790-d. Access to records substantiating deactivation. 1. Pursuant to
5 subdivision three of this section, upon notice of deactivation, a DNC
6 shall provide a DNC worker with the records relied upon by such DNC to
7 substantiate such deactivation, unless contrary to local, state, or
8 federal law. Such records shall include, but not be limited to, the
9 date, time, and location of all incidents supporting the decision for
10 such deactivation, records of all evidence considered in such decision,
11 and a certified statement from an individual at such DNC with authority
12 to reinstate such DNC worker, attesting that such records are true and
13 accurate to such individual's knowledge.
14 2. If a DNC obtains records substantiating a deactivation, after
15 implementing such deactivation, such records shall be provided to the
16 deactivated DNC worker as soon as practicable, but no later than four-
17 teen days from the date such records were obtained.
18 3. If a DNC worker challenges a deactivation pursuant to subdivision
19 two of section seven hundred ninety-b of this article, all records of
20 such challenge and any responses shall be provided to such DNC worker
21 within fourteen days of such challenge or response.
22 4. If the records substantiating a deactivation involve information
23 related to a DNC customer or a third party, and the DNC reasonably
24 believes such information could compromise such DNC customer or third
25 party's safety, such DNC shall take measures to anonymize such informa-
26 tion. If a complaint from a DNC customer or third party is the sole
27 basis for a deactivation, the DNC may provide a summary description of
28 the records substantiating such deactivation. The commissioner may
29 promulgate rules or regulations regarding the measures that shall be
30 taken to summarize records pursuant to this subdivision.
31 5. DNCs shall establish an accessible system for DNC workers to access
32 their receipts for each DNC order accepted, performed, and/or cancelled
33 by such DNC worker. Such receipts shall be accessible on such DNC's
34 digital network. Such receipts shall be available to a DNC worker for no
35 less than three years after deactivation.
36 6. DNCs shall retain the records required by this section for no less
37 than three years.
38 7. If a DNC fails to disclose adequate records to a DNC worker as
39 required under this section, there shall be a presumption, rebuttable by
40 clear and convincing evidence, that such DNC violated this article for
41 the relevant periods and for each DNC worker for whom records were not
42 disclosed in a timely manner.
43 § 790-e. Affirmative production of records. 1. Each delivery network
44 company shall affirmatively transmit to the department such records as
45 shall be required by the commissioner, on at least a quarterly basis
46 beginning at the end of the first quarter next succeeding the effective
47 date of this section, until July first, two thousand twenty-seven, and
48 at least once every six months thereafter. The commissioner shall have
49 the authority to require such aggregated or disaggregated records deemed
50 necessary, appropriate, or convenient to administer, evaluate, and
51 enforce the provisions of this article. The commissioner may require
52 that such records be aggregated and produced as a distribution at
53 defined percentiles. The commissioner may create data production
54 requirements of general applicability for all DNCs, in addition to
55 requirements for specific categories of DNCs.
A. 8070 6
1 2. Records for production pursuant to subdivision one of this section
2 shall include, but not be limited to:
3 (a) Records regarding the number of deactivations initiated by a DNC;
4 (b) Records regarding the most common reasons for deactivation;
5 (c) The number of DNC workers that challenge their deactivation, and
6 the forum in which such DNC workers pursue such challenges;
7 (d) The number of DNC workers reinstated after deactivation, the
8 length of such DNC worker's deactivation prior to reinstatement, and the
9 length of service of such DNC workers prior to deactivation;
10 (e) The DNC's deactivation policy;
11 (f) The DNC's internal deactivation challenge procedure, including the
12 available methods of contact for deactivated DNC workers to initiate a
13 challenge; and
14 (g) Any other records the commissioner determines are material and
15 necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article.
16 3. The commissioner shall issue requirements governing the submission
17 format, security, and privacy protocols relating to the submission of
18 DNC records.
19 § 790-f. Notice of rights. 1. A DNC shall affirmatively provide to
20 each DNC worker a written notice of their rights established under this
21 article. The department may create and distribute a model of such notice
22 of rights in English and other languages. Such notice of rights shall be
23 provided in a form and manner sufficient to inform DNC workers of their
24 rights under this article.
25 2. DNCs shall affirmatively provide each DNC worker with the written
26 notice of rights required under subdivision one of this section within
27 one month of the effective date of this article, and for DNC workers
28 hired after the effective date of this article, within twenty-four hours
29 after the completion of such DNC worker's first DNC order that involved
30 performing services in the state.
31 3. DNCs shall provide the notice of rights required under subdivision
32 one of this section to each DNC worker no less than annually.
33 4. The notice of rights required to be provided by a DNC pursuant to
34 subdivision one of this section shall include, but not be limited to,
35 information on:
36 (a) The right to challenge an unwarranted deactivation through such
37 DNC's internal deactivation challenge procedure and/or through other
38 avenues pursuant to section seven hundred ninety-b of this article;
39 (b) The policy describing the deactivation challenge procedure pursu-
40 ant to section seven hundred ninety-b of this article;
41 (c) The right to fourteen days' notice of an impending deactivation,
42 except in the case of egregious misconduct;
43 (d) The right to access any and all records relied upon by the DNC to
44 substantiate deactivation pursuant to section seven hundred ninety-d of
45 this article;
46 (e) The right to be protected from retaliation for exercising in good
47 faith the rights protected by this article; and
48 (f) The right to file a complaint with the department pursuant to
49 section seven hundred ninety-l of this article or bring a civil action
50 for violation of the requirements of this article.
51 5. DNCs shall provide the notice of rights required by subdivision one
52 of this section in an electronic format that is readily accessible to
53 DNC workers. Such notice of rights shall be made available to DNC work-
54 ers via such DNC's digital network or via email, in English and any
55 language such DNC knows or has reason to know is the primary language of
56 such DNC workers. The commissioner may promulgate rules and/or regu-
A. 8070 7
1 lations regarding the form and content of such notice of rights, the
2 manner of its distribution, and required languages.
3 6. DNCs shall establish an accessible system for DNC workers to under-
4 stand their eligibility to challenge a deactivation based on the policy
5 developed pursuant to section seven hundred ninety-a of this article.
6 Such system shall be available to DNC workers via such DNC's digital
7 network. Such system shall be available to DNC workers for no less than
8 three years after deactivation. The commissioner may issue rules defin-
9 ing reasonable criteria or requirements for such system to ensure that
10 DNC workers have sufficient information to understand when they are
11 covered by this article, including, but not limited to, notice of cover-
12 age by this article, the number of DNC orders completed or cancelled by
13 such DNC worker in the prior one hundred eighty days, and such DNC work-
14 er's receipts and/or payment disclosures for each DNC order performed or
15 cancelled in the prior one hundred eighty days.
16 § 790-g. Network company records. 1. A delivery network company shall
17 retain records that document compliance with this article for each DNC
18 worker, including, at a minimum, a compliance file for each deactivation
19 of a DNC worker. The commissioner may make requirements regarding the
20 form, format, and content of such records. The compliance file for each
21 deactivation of a DNC worker required pursuant to this subdivision shall
22 include, but not be limited to:
23 (a) The deactivation notice provided to such DNC worker pursuant to
24 section seven hundred ninety-c of this article;
25 (b) The date of completion of investigation;
26 (c) Whether such deactivation involved egregious misconduct, and, if
27 so, the egregious misconduct at issue;
28 (d) Whether such deactivation was the result of discrimination;
29 (e) The number of DNC orders completed by such DNC worker in the one
30 hundred eighty days prior to such deactivation;
31 (f) The date of any deactivation challenge made by such DNC worker, if
32 such a challenge was made;
33 (g) All responses made by such DNC to a deactivation challenge made by
34 such DNC worker, if such a challenge was made; and
35 (h) Any other records the commissioner shall require.
36 2. A DNC shall retain the records required under subdivision one of
37 this section for no less than three years.
38 3. If a DNC fails to retain adequate records required under this
39 section, there shall be a presumption, rebuttable by clear and convinc-
40 ing evidence, that such DNC violated the provisions of this article for
41 the relevant periods and for each DNC worker for whom records were not
43 § 790-h. Retaliation prohibited. 1. No DNC, or any other person acting
44 on behalf of such DNC, shall interfere with, restrain, deny, or attempt
45 to deny the exercise of any right protected under this article.
46 2. No DNC shall take any adverse action against any person because
47 such person has exercised in good faith the rights protected under this
48 article, or because such person has:
49 (a) Made inquiries about the rights protected under this article;
50 (b) Informed others about their rights under this article;
51 (c) Informed such DNC, legal counsel, a union or other similar organ-
52 ization, or any other person about an alleged violation of this article;
53 (d) Filed an oral or written complaint with the department or brought
54 a civil action for an alleged violation of this article;
55 (e) Cooperated with the department in an investigation of an alleged
56 violation of this article;
A. 8070 8
1 (f) Testified in a proceeding under or related to this article; or
2 (g) Refused to participate in an activity that would result in a
3 violation of this article or of any local state, or federal law.
4 3. No DNC shall communicate to a person exercising their rights under
5 this article, directly or indirectly, the willingness to inform a
6 government worker that such person is not lawfully in the United States,
7 or to report, or to make an implied or express assertion of a willing-
8 ness to report, suspected citizenship or immigration status of a DNC
9 worker or family member of a DNC worker to a federal, state, or local
11 4. It shall be a rebuttable presumption of retaliation in violation of
12 this section if a DNC takes an adverse action against a person within
13 ninety days of such person's exercise of rights protected under this
14 article. Such DNC may rebut such presumption with clear and convincing
15 evidence that such adverse action was taken for a permissible purpose.
16 5. Proof of retaliation in violation of this section shall be suffi-
17 cient upon a showing that a DNC has taken an adverse action against a
18 person and such person's exercise of rights under this article was a
19 motivating factor in such adverse action, unless such DNC can prove that
20 such adverse action would have been taken in the absence of such exer-
21 cise of rights.
22 6. The protections under this section shall apply to any person who
23 mistakenly but in good faith alleges a violation of this article.
24 § 790-i. Rulemaking authority. The commissioner shall be authorized to
25 promulgate, repeal, or amend any rule or regulation necessary to effec-
26 tuate the provisions of this article.
27 § 790-j. Enforcement power and duties. The department shall have the
28 power to administer and enforce the provisions of this article and shall
29 have such powers and duties conferred upon it under this article, and as
30 otherwise necessary and proper in the performance of such powers and
32 § 790-k. Violation. The failure of a delivery network company to
33 comply with any requirement under this article shall be a violation of
34 this article.
35 § 790-l. Investigation. 1. The department shall have the power to
36 investigate any suspected or alleged violation of this article. The
37 department may prioritize investigations of workforces deemed by the
38 department as vulnerable to violations of this article. The department
39 may initiate an investigation under this article in situations includ-
40 ing, but not limited to, if the commissioner has reason to believe that
41 a violation is likely to be made by a DNC or class of DNCs because
42 either the workforce contains significant numbers of DNC workers who are
43 vulnerable to violations of this article, as determined by the commis-
44 sioner, or the workforce is unlikely to report information regarding
45 such violations. Additionally, an investigation may be initiated by the
46 department pursuant to a report or complaint submitted by a DNC worker
47 or any other person.
48 2. Any DNC worker may report an alleged violation of this article to
49 the department. The department shall encourage reporting pursuant to
50 this subdivision by taking the following measures:
51 (a) The department shall keep confidential, to the maximum extent
52 permitted by applicable laws, the name and other identifying information
53 of a DNC worker or other person reporting a violation of this article,
54 except as necessary to enforce the provisions of this article;
55 (b) The department may require a DNC to post or otherwise notify other
56 DNC workers that the department is conducting an investigation under
A. 8070 9
1 this article, in a form and manner, and in languages as prescribed by
2 the department;
3 (c) The department may certify the eligibility of persons for U Visas
4 under the provisions of 8 U.S.C. § 1184(p) and 8 U.S.C. §
6 3. An investigation of an alleged violation under this article
7 conducted by the department shall commence within three years of such
8 alleged violation. To the extent permitted by law, the applicable stat-
9 ute of limitations for civil actions shall be tolled during any investi-
10 gation of a violation under this article and any administrative enforce-
11 ment proceeding under this article based upon the same facts. For the
12 purposes of this subdivision, an investigation by the department shall
13 be deemed to begin upon the date the department receives a report of an
14 alleged violation of this article, or upon the date when the department
15 provides notice to a DNC that an investigation of an alleged violation
16 of this article has begun, whichever is sooner.
17 § 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
18 it shall have become a law.